-- As Amended Feb 8, 1991 --


Name: The name of this corporation shall be PACIFICA FOUNDATION, and it shall be referred to in these By-Laws as "The Foundation."


Section 2.1 Principal Office: The principal officer and place of business of the Foundation shall be located in the County of Los Angeles, State of California, or at such another place as the Board of Directors may designate.

Section 2.2 Other Offices: The Foundation shall also have officers at such other places within or without the State of California as the Board of Directors may from time to time designate.


Section 3.1 Membership on Board of Directors:

Section 3.2 Election of Directors: In order to be elected, a member must receive the nomination and vote of a majority of the station board which s/he represents, unless such member is classified as an "at large" member, in which event s/he must be elected by a 2/3 vote of the Board of Directors of the Foundation, voting by secret ballot, subject to approval of FCC council or FCC. Each station board shall nominate at least one person of color as a permanent representative to the National Board.

Section 3.3 Limitation of Terms: After any person has served as a Director for two consecutive three year terms, such person shall not be eligibly for further service as a Director until one year has elapsed after the termination of such second consecutive three year term.

Section 3.4 Removal of a Director: Any Director may be removed by the Board of Directors at any regular or special meeting by a two thirds vote of all of the members of the Board of Directors, provided that the grounds for such removal are submitted with the notice of said meeting and provided further that the said Directors shall have a reasonable opportunity at said meeting to protest his/her removal.


Section 4.1 Time and Place of Meetings: Meetings of the Board of Directors shall take place three (3) or more times per year, at such times, dates and places as designated by a majority vote of the Board of Directors at the previous meetings. The meeting nearest to September shall be referred to as the annual meeting.

Section 4.2 Special Meetings: Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the Chair or by a majority vote of the Executive Committee or by a majority vote of the full Board.

Section 4.3 Notice: Written notice of every regular and special meeting of the Board of Directors, stating the time and place of said meeting, and the purposes thereof, shall be mailed or delivered to each member of the Board of Directors at least seven days before any such meeting.

Section 4.4 Quorum: A quorum at any meeting of the Board of Directors shall consist of one-third of the duly elected Directors.

Section 4.5 Attendance: Any Director who shall have been absent from three consecutive meetings of the Board of Directors shall be automatically dropped from the Board unless such absences are excused by a majority vote of the Board of Directors.

Section 4.6 Action by Unanimous Written Consent: Any action required or permitted to be taken by the Board of Directors may be taken without a meeting, if all member of the Board shall individually or collectively consent in writing to such action. Such written consent shall have the same force and effect as a unanimous vote of such Directors.

Section 4.7 Proxies: All action taken by Directors shall be taken by the elected Directors personally; the powers of members of the Board may not be exercised by alternates, by proxy or the like.


Section 5.1 Designation of Officers: The officers of Pacifica Foundation shall be a Chair of the Board of Directors, a Vice-Chair, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and such Vice-Chairs, Assistant Secretaries and Assistant Treasurers as may be authorized from time to time by the Board of Directors.

Section 5.2 Election and Removal of Officers:


Section 6.1 Defined: The Board shall employ a person designated as the Executive Director, whose duties will be as outlined in that document known as Organization and Procedures, and who shall serve as the chief executive of the Foundation.

Section 6.2 Oversight and Supervision of the Executive Director: Oversight and supervision of the Executive Director shall be according to the structure provided in the document known as Organization and Procedures.


Section 7.1 Election and Membership:

Section 7.2 Other Committees: The Board of Directors may from time to time select other committees of it members for such purposes as are authorized by the corporate law of the State of California.


Section 8.1 Resignation: Any person may resign his or her position by written resignation filed with the secretary of the Foundation.

Section 8.2 Membership not Transferable: Membership on the Board of Directors, or on the Executive Committee, or any position as Officer of the Foundation, is not transferable by assignments, inheritance, or by execution, bankruptcy, or other process of law.

Section 8.3 Effect of Termination of Membership on Board of Directors, or Executive Committee, or Position as Officer of the Foundation: Membership on the Board of Directors or the holding of any office in the Foundation, shall cease and terminate upon the death of the member, upon her/his withdrawal as provide in these by-laws, upon the termination of membership, or office-holding positions, and, thereafter neither the heirs nor personal representative of the deceased members, or with drawing or terminated members, or officer-holders, shall have any claim whatsoever upon the assets of the Foundation, or any claim whatsoever arising out of said membership or the holding of said membership or the holding of any officer in the Foundation. No members of the Board of Directors, or officer of the Foundation, either while such a member or officer, or upon termination theretofore paid by her/him or advanced to the Foundation as a contribution to the Foundation, or any station owned and operated by the Foundation.

Section 8.4 Non-Liability of Directors: Directors shall not be personally liable for the debts, liabilities, or other obligations of the corporation.

Section 8.5 Indemnification by Corporation of Directors, Officers, Employees and Other Agents: To the extent that a person who is, or was, a Director, officer, employee or other agent of this corporation has been successful on the merits in defense of any civil, criminal, administrative or investigation proceeding brought to procure a judgment against such person by reason of the fact that he or she is, or was an agent of the corporation, or has been successful in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses actually and reasonable incurred by the person in connection with such proceeding. If such person either settles any such claim or sustains a judgment against him or her, then indemnification against expenses, judgments, fines, settlements and other amounts reasonably incurred in connection with such proceedings shall be provided by this corporation to the extent allowed by, and in accordance with the requirements of, Section 5238 of the California Non-Profit Public Benefit Corporation Law.


These by-laws may be amended, altered or repealed in whole or in part at any meeting of the Board of Directors, provided that the proposed changes have been submitted to each member of the Board of Directors with the notice of the meeting and provided further that the right of waiver of notice of meeting shall not apply. In order to be adopted, any proposal must receive the vote of two-thirds of all the members of the Board of Directors present and voting or voting by signed ballot received before the meting at which the proposal it voted upon convenes. The Directors voting by mail ballot must attach an exact copy of the proposal being voted upon to their ballots.


As to any matter not herein specified, Robert's Rules of Order (revised edition) shall apply.